INDEX

A A. aequitubergculata, 149t A. crassispina , 14, 42, 47t, 67, 67t, 85, 87, 88, 112, 140, 149t, 159t A. lixula, 64, 64t A. magnifica , 15, 88t A. minutus, 110ti
A. Monroy, 167gi A. ovum, 14 A. punctulata, 15, 52, 81t, 84t, 125 A. radiata, 16, 82, 83, 88t, 187 A. salmonicida, 111, 157 A. simulans , 110ti
A. Tyler, 167gi A. varium, 15, 88t, 110ti, 187 A. violaceus, 110ti
Abisal pelagik, 79i Aboral, 123, 125 Absence grazing, 43 Acini, 125 Aeoliscus strigatus, 120 Aeromonas salmonicida, 109 Agarum cribrosum, 108 Alga, 104i, 106t Alzheimer, 52 Ambitus, 118 Amblypneustes ovum, 14 Ambulacral plates, 119 Amilase, 109 Amoeba invadens, 109 Amonium, 84t Ampula, 118, 124g Anthocidaris crassispina, 14 Anthopleura exanthogrammica, 103 Amoeba invadens, 109 Apical system, 118 Arbacia, 123 Arbaciidae, 149t Arbacia punctulata, 14 Aristotle, 130 Arus, 75 Asam amino, 41, 42 Asam amino esensial, 41, 42 Asam amino non esensial, 41, 42 Asam amino semi esensial, 42 Asam folik, 41 Asam lemak, 42 Asam lemak esensial, 53 Asam nikotinik, 41 Asam pantotenik, 41 Ascophyllum nodosum, 108 Asparagin, 64 Asterocheres echinicola, 110ti
Asteroidea, 5 Asthenosoma varium, 15 Astropyga magnifica, 15 Astropyga radiata, 15 Asthenosoma sp., 187 Aulodonta, 4 Aurikel, 119

B BAC, 161i Bacterial artificial chromosome, 161i Baked roe, 145 Bald-sea-urchin disease, 111 Balistes vetula, 103, 105 Balistidae, 103 Batipelagik, 79i Baylor College of Medicine, 32 Bentik, 79i Bintang berbulu, 5 Bintang laut, 5 Bintang mengular, 5 Bioeroder, 41 Biokimia, 48 Biokimia metabolit, 48 Biologi, 46, 48, 98 Biologi evolusi, 48, 50 Biologi sel, 48 Biologi molekuler, 48 Biologi kelautan, 48 Biologi perkembangan, 49 Bioteknologi, 160 Blastula, 100 Bryozoans, 106t Bulu Babi, 31 Bunga-aster-laut, 5 Buton, 3

C C. abbreviatus, 110ti
C. atratus, 17, 88t C. coronatus, 9, 17, 44t, 89 C. dilatatus, 110ti C. flammea, 103 C. gigantae, 17, 88t C. humilis, 90t, 187 C. longipalpus, 110ti
C. madagascariensis, 103 C. mertensii, 18, 67, 149t C. optans, 110ti
C. parvibullatus, 110ti C. rodgersii, 16, 47t, 149t C. salmacidis, 110ti
C. sentifer, 110ti C. tenuis, 110ti
Cacing, 106t Calcite, 120 California 47 California Departement of Fish and Game, 154 Camarodonta, 4 Cangkang, 54 Carolus Linnaeus, 2 Cassis tuberosa, 103 Catch per unit effort, 142 Cathy Yuh, 49 cDNA, 161i Centrostephanus, 83 Centrostephanus coronatus, 9, 16 Centrostephanus rodgersi, 16 Ceratodictyon spongiosum. 106 Chelacheres longipalpus, 110ti Chili, 3 Chondrocidaris gigantae, 17 Chondrus crispus, 108 Cidaroidea, 4 Circumferensial compass, 133t CITES, 215, 217, 219 Cladosiphon okamuranus, 106 Clavisodalis salmacidis, 110ti Clumped distribution, 91 Clypeasteroidea, 170t CO1, 64 Coelom, 134 Coelomocytes fagositosis, 134 Collaborative Research Center for Coastal dan Waterways, 198i Collector Urchin, 31 Colobocentrotus, 83 Colobocentrotus atratus, 17 Colobocentrotus mertensii, 18 Common name, 2 Compass, 133t Concentricycloidea, 5 Coolant, 146 Corallina officinalis, 108 CPUE, 142, 143 Crinoidea, 5 Cryptopontius brevifurcatus, 110ti
Cycle sequencing, 11 Cymodocea serrulata, 107 Cymodocea spp., 106t, 108

D D. antillarum, 18, 42, 44t, 81t, 82, 83, 88, 88t, 92t, 110ti, 112, 169, 169t D. McClay, 167gi D. paucispinum, 19, 81t, 83, 88t D. savignyi, 19, 44t, 51, 80, 81t , 83, 88t, 91t, 92t, 169 D. setosum, 9, 20, 40, 41, 44t, 50, 51, 80, 81t, 88, 88t, 90t, 91, 91t, 92t, 93, 101, 109, 110t, 119i, 127i, 134, 135t, 149t, 154, 160, 169, 170t, 187 Daur hidup, 98 Deoxyribonucleic Acid, 63i Departemen Eksplorasi Laut dan Perikanan, 193 Departemen Kelautan dan Perikanan, 193 Detritus, 105, 106t, 109 Developmental Biology of the Sea Urchin, 168 Development period, 128 DHA, 53 Diadema, 83, 86, 87, 89, 90t, 91t, 91, 92t, 120, 136 Diadema antillarum, 18 Diadema paucispinum, 19 Diadema sp. 40, 135t, 145, 160 Diadema spp., 187 Diadematidae, 149t Diadema savignyi, 19, 42t Diadema setosum, 19, 42t, 82, 83, 86 Diatom, 106t Dioecious, 100 Disentri enterotoksin, 52 Dissolved oxygen, 83 Distropi otot, 52 Dive, 140 DNA, 11, 31, 62i, 63 DNA kloroplas, 63i DNA mitokondria, 63i DNA plasmid, 63i DO, 75, 83, 84 Docosahexaenoic acid, 53 Dollar pasir, 5 Doro Uni, 146 Drag, 140 Duri Babi, 21, 22 E E. aciculatus, 21, 22, 44t, 67t, 127i
E. acoroides, 106t , 108 E. bisperfaratus truncatus, 90t, 187 E. calamaris, 22. 42t, 51, 80, 81t, 82, 83, 88t, 90t, 91t, 91, 92t, 110ti, 119, 134, 135t, 154 E. chloroticus, 47t, 159t, 169t
E. cordatum, 127i E. Davidson, 167gi E. diadema, 22, 23, 51, 44t, 80, 81t, 83, 90t, 91t, 110ti E. elatensis, 110ti E. esculentus, 40, 47t, 81t, 82, 83, 88t, 89, 110ti, 129, 149t, 159t E. finitimus, 110ti E. gulicolus, 110ti E. laxatus, 110ti E. lucunter, 20, 44t, 83, 88t, 110ti E. mathaei, 9, 20, 40, 42t, 44t, 44g, 45, 45g, 53, 67t, 68, 80, 83, 85, 88t, 90t, 91, 91t, 92t, 110ti, 112, 119, 127i, 128, 135t, 160, 169, 169t, 170t, 187 E. mathaei oblonga, 9 E. melo, 149t E. molaris, 67, 67t, 169 E. oblonga, 21, 92t, 119 E. pectinatus, 110ti E. thourarsii , 44t E. tribuloides, 88t, 106t, 110t, 110ti E. viridis, 21, 44t, 88t, 92t, 110ti, 169, 169t, 187 Echinidae, 149t Echinirus diadematis, 110ti Echinocephalus pseudouncinatus, 109 Echinosocius dentatus, 110ti Echinothrix sp., 187 Echinotrix spp., 90t Echinodermata, 5, 50 Echinoderms, 106t Echinoidea, 5 Echinometra, 83 Echinometra lucunter, 20 Echinometra mathaei, 9, 20 Echinometra oblonga, 21 Echinometra spp. 47t, 142 Echinometra viridis, 21 Echinometridae, 149t Echinostrephus, 83 Echinostrephus aciculatus, 21 Echinostrephus sp., 83 Echinothrix calamaris, 22 Echinothrix diadema, 22 Echinus esculentus, 22 Echinothrix sp., 40 Echinothrix spp., 44t Echinometra spp., 44t Edible sea urchin, 68 Eicosapentaenoid acid, 53 Ekologi, 43, 73 Ekonomi 46 Ekosistem 73 Ektoparasit, 110i Embrio, 47, 48 Enhalus acoroides, 103g, 105, 105g, 107 Echinocephalus pseudouncinatus, 109 Encrusting, 106t Endokrin, 134i Endoparasit, 110i Enhydra lutris, 103 Eosin, 129 EPA, 53 Eric Davidson, 49 Erizo, 3 Esofagus, 124g EST, 161i Estuari, 86 Eucidaris tribuloides, 23 Eufotik, 79i Expressed sequence tag, 161i

F Feeding periodecity, 109 Fenotipik, 74 Feromon, 100 Fertilisasi, 100 Flavobacterium, 157 Folikel, 126, 129 Foraminifera, 106t Fosfor, 40 Fotoperiode, 158 Fresh roe, 145 Frozen roe, 145

G G. crenulatus, 47t, 159t G. tubaria, 23 Gametogenesis , 127 Gastropoda, 85 Gastrula, 100 GBHN, 193 Gelombang, 75 Gen, 64 Gen Hox, 161i Genital plates, 125 Genom, 64, 64t Germinal epitel, 129 Gift-Seeigel, 31 Gizi, 41 Glandular, 121 Glikogen, 40 Glyptocidaris crenulatus, 142 Globe, 124g
Globiferus, 121 Globiferous, 121 Goniocidaris tubaria, 23 Gonoduct, 125 Gonokhorik, 100 Gonopor, 124g Grade A, 150 Grade B, 150 Grazer, 106 Gracilaria blodgettii, 104, 106 Granula immature, 128 Great Barrier Reef, 89 Green sea urchin, 3 Growth period, 128 H H. crassipina, 40 H. Driesch, 167gi H. erythrogramma, 24, 40, 47t, 149t, 169, 169t
H. Fol, 167gi H. mammillatus, 24, 54, 67, 83, 88t, 91t, 110ti, 119 H. ovalis, 108 H. pulcherrimus, 47t, 64, 127i, 149t, 169, 169t H. trigonarius, 82 H. tuberculata, 40, 47t, 149t Habitat, 43 Haemulidae, 103 Halophila ovalis, 106t, 107 Haemulon, 103 Halimeda opuntia, 106t Halophila ovalis,104t Hand raking, 140 Hans Driesch, 48 HDL, 53 Heliocidaris, 83 Heliocidaris erythrogramma, 23 Hemichordate, 50. Hemisfer aboral, 118 Heterocentrotus mammillatus, 24 Hibridisasi in situ, 48 Hidroclathrus clathratus, 106 Hidrodinamika, 43 High density lipoprotein, 53i Hipped crab, 85 Holothuroidea,5 Homarus americanus, 103 Hooka, 140 Hybroids, 106t Hypnea charoides 106

I Immature period, 128 Imunositologi, 48 Intangible, 161 Intertidal, 81t Interambulacral plates, 119 Interpiramidal, 133t Intestine, 125 IPTEK, 196 Irlandia, 3 Irregularia, 116, 130 ISI, 168t Isoleusin, 64 IUCN, 215, 216i, 217

J Jaw, 129 Jelly ice, 146

K Kai yaki, 145 Kalsium, 40 Kalsium karbonat, 120 Kapal “pick up”, 141
Karbon-14, 103i Karotin, 40 Kecepatan arus, 83, 85 Kelp, 102 Keragaman ekosistem laut, 62i Keragaman genetik, 62i Keragaman hayati, 61i Keragaman spesies, 62i Kipod-yam 2, Klasifikasi, 3 Kode genetik, 64 Kolesterol, 53 Komensalisme, 43 Krakebolle, 3 Krustacea, 106t Kutub oral, 121 Kutub aboral, 121

L L. albus, 40, 81t, 142, 149t L. anamesus, 10, 24, 89, 106t L. pictus, 84t, 99i L. variegatus, 24, 47t , 82, 85, 88t, 92, 93, 102, 113, 110ti , 112 , 123, 142, 159t, 169, 169t L. wlliamsi, 82 Labridae, 103 Laganum laganum, 80 Laminaria longicruris, 108 Land-based aquaculture, 157 Landak laut, 2, 3 Lantera Aristotle, 43, 118, 124g, 124, 129, 130g, 131, 133 Larva, 101 Larva pluteus, 100, 101 LDL, 53 Leland H. Hartwell, 49 Lempeng koronal, 119 Lili laut, 5 Lipase, 109 Lipid, 40 Litoral, 80 Lobi, 125
Lobster, 103 Low density lipoprotein, 53 Loxechinus albus, 3 LSM, 198i, 199, 200, 202, 204 Lumen, 129 Lytechinus anamesus, 9, 10, 24 Lytechinus variegatus, 25 M M. globulus, 25, 40, 42t, 85, 88t, 91, 91t, 91, 92t, 112, 127i, 134, 135t, 149t M. heterocentroti , 110ti
M. luculenta, 110ti
M. rousseaui, 25, 88t, 106t M. sewellana, 110ti
Macrosystis pyfera, 103, 106 Macrochiron echinicolum , 110ti
Madreporit, 118, 124g Madreporite, 118, 118g Magnesium, 120 Maine, 47 Marine Biological Station, 49 Maturation period, 128 Mature, 129 Mecomerinx notabilis, 110ti Meridional, 121 Meristik, 71, 72t Mespilia globulus, 25 Metamorfosis, 101 Microcyphus rousseaui, 25 Mikroorganisme, 109 Miza Uni, 146 Monosodium glutamat, 147 Morfologi, 74 Morfometrik, 71, 72t Morula, 100 MPA, 213, 213i, 214 mtDNA, 63, 64, 67 Mushi Uni, 145 Mutasi, 62i

N Nama Uni, 145 NCBI, 10 NCR, 63 NDHL, 64 nDNA, 63, 67 Nearshore, 79i Neri Uni, 146, 147 NIH, 168t Nitrit, 84t Nobel, 49 Nomenklatur,2 NOAA, 197 Norwegia, 3 Nutritive phagocyte, 126t , 128, 129

O O. albus, 47t O. Hertwig, 167gi Oesophagus, 125 Ofiosefalus, 121 Omega-3, 53i Omnivora, 105 Onychocheres alatus, 110ti Oocit, 128 Oocytes, 129 Ootid, 129 Ophiocephalus, 121 Ophuiroidea, 5 Opsamus beta, 103, 105 Oral, 123 Organoleptik, 149 S. nudus, 149t Oseanografi, 74, 75 Osmoregulasi, 87 Ossicles, 118, 123 Otto Heinrich Warburg, 49 Oursin, 2 Ova, 129

P P. depressus, 47t, 127i, 149t, 159t
P. dubius, 90t, 187 P. gratiosa, 26, 110ti P. hawaiiensi , 27 P. idonea, 110ti P. imperialis, 26, 110ti P. implanus, 110ti
P. liber, 110ti
P. lividus, 26, 40, 47t, 64, 64t, 82, 100, 106t, 110ti, 111, 140, 149t, 159t, 169, 169t P. luculentus, 110ti
P. maculata , 28, 82, 91t, 91, 92t, 135t, 149t
P. miliaris, 27, 47t, 82,106t, 110ti, 159t P. pictus, 110ti P. procurrens, 110ti
PAD, 187
Padina spp., 106 Paleozoikum, 32 Pangan alternatif, 188 Panmiksi, 74 Papila genitalia, 127i Parasalenia gratiosa, 26 Paracentrotus lividus, 3t, 26 Parasitic nematodes, 109 Parkinson, 52 Pediselaria, 119, 121 Pedisellariae, 121 Pelagik, 79i Pelat genital, 125 Pelat okular, 118 Penyakit, 109 Periproktal, 118 Peristom, 118 Pfaffenhut-Seeigel, 31 pH,75, 83, 84t Pharynx, 129 Pheromones, 100 Phyllacanthus imperialis, 26 Piramid, 124g Plankton, 100 PMB, 198 Pola Pangan Harapan, 201 Polimorfis, 61. Polipeptida, 63 Polymerase Chain Reaction, 11 Poly unsaturated fatty acid, 53 Porcellidium echinophilum, 110ti Porites spp, 81t Post spawning, 129 Post spawning/recovery, 150 Potasium anhidrida, 144 PPH, 201 Predator, 103 Preherrmannella campanulipes, 110ti Premature, 129 Presipitasi, 11
Priest-Hat, 31 Primary spines, 120 Prionocidaris hawaiiensis, 27 Prionocidaris verticillata, 119 Proceedings of the National Academy of Protease, 109 Protein, 40, 64t Protoreaster linki, 103 Protractor, 133t Psammechinus microtuberculatus Psammechinus miliaris, 27 Pseudanthessius vinnulus, 110ti
Pseudoboletia maculata, 27 PUFA, 53 Puncak pemijahan, 101t Purple sea urchin,3 Pycnopodia helianthoides, 103

R R. Angerer, 167gi R. Britten, 167gi R. Tim Hunt, 49 Racemase, 125 Racun, 50, 51, 52 Radii, 117 Random distribution, 91 Recovery period, 128 Rectum, 125 Reef flat, 80 Reef edge, 80 Regenerasi, 120 Regularia, 116, 130 Regulasi gen, 48 Reito Uni, 145 Reject, 150 Relung ekologis, 81t Retractor, 133t Rookeries, 156 Rotulae, 133t rRNA :12s ribosomal RNA, 64t

S S. belli, 28, 40, 42t, 81t, 89, 106t, 109, 110ti, 160 S. bicolor, 119 S. droebachiensis, 29, 40, 42t, 46, 47t, 64, 64t, 81t, 82, 84t, 88t, 106t, 108, 110ti, 112, 142, 142t, 149t, 159t, 169, 169t S. foliatus, 110ti
S. franciscanus, 9, 30, 40, 42t, 47t, 64, 80, 81t, 84t, 89, 99i, 100 , 101, 102, 103, 103i, 105, 106t, 111, 142, 142t, 149t, 159t, 169 S. granularis, 28, 110ti, 169 S. Horstadius, 167gi S. intermedius, 40, 47t, 64, 102, 108, 111, 142, 149t, 159t S. isoetifolium, 108 S. latiseta, 110ti
S. nudus, 40, 42t, 47t, 64, 142, 159t S. pallidus, 47t, 64 S. polyacanthus, 47t S. purpuratus, 9, 30, 40, 42t, 47t, 50, 64, 64t, 81, 81t, 84t, 89, 99i, 106t, 123, 135, 142, 149t, 154, 159t, 160, 161i, 169, 169t S. tensus, 110ti
S. valiolaris, 29, 90t, 110ti, 187 Salinitas, 74, 75, 83, 84t Salmacis, 119 Salmacis belli, 28 Salmacis bicolor, 53 Salmacis sp., 40, 91t, 91, 92t, 135t, 187 Salmacis spp, 91 Salted roe, 145 Sargassum crassifolium, 107 Sargassum spp., 106 Science, 51 Scientific name, 2 Sea cucumber, 5 Sea egg, 31 Sea Grant, 193,197 Sea grass, 106t ,108 Sea urchin, 2, 3 Sea Urchin Genome Project, 50, 160, 161i Seafood, 150 Secondary spines, 120 Seeigel, 2 Sekuensing, 11 Senariellus diadematis, 110ti Sequence tag connector , 161i Serin, 64 Serpent star, 5 Settlement, 98, 101 Shell, 117 Shio Uni, 145 Short White Urchin, 31 Sifon, 124g Sir Paul M. Nurse, 49 Sisi oral, 117g, 118 Sisi aboral, 117g, 118 Sjöborrar 2, Sphaerechinus granularis, 28 Sparidae, 103 Spawning, 129 Spawning period, 128 Spermatocytes, 129 Spermatogonium, 128 Spermatosit, 128 Spermatozoa, 129 Spermatocytes, 129 Spheridia, 133 Sponge, 45, 103, 105, 106t Starfish, 5 Statosists, 133 STC, 161i Steamed roe, 145 Stilifer, 110ti
Stirodonta, 4 Stock assessment, 147, 172, 168 Stomach, 125 Stock enhancement, 158 Stomopneustes variolaris, 29 Stowers Institute for Medical Research, 161i Strongylocentrotidae, 149t Strongylocentrotus, 83 Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis, 3, 29 Strongylocentrotus franciscanus, 9, 29 Strongylocentrotus purpuratus, 30 Sylingodium isoetifolium, 106t, 107, 108 Sublitoral, 80 Subtidal, 81t Suhu, 74,75, 83, 85 Suhu oseanik, 85 Sushi, 150 Sven Horstadius, 49 Swaki, 3

T T. alexandri, 90t, 134, 170t, 187 T. Boveri, 167gi T. gratilla, 9, 31, 40, 42t, 47t, 54, 54g, 71, 72, 72g, 74, 80, 81t, 82, 83, 87, 88t, 90t, 91, 91t, 92t, 93, 99g, 100, 102, 106, 106t, 108, 110ti, 112, 119, 127i, 134, 135t, 136, 142, 143, 145, 149t, 153, 159t, 160, 169, 170t, 187 T. Hunt, 167gi T. hemprichii. 106t T. pileolus, 30, 50, 82, 88t, 90t, 91t, 91, 92t, 127i , 134, 135t, 149t, 170t, 187 T. toreumaticus, 127i, 149t T. ventricosus, 31, 82, 85, 88t, 110ti, 142t, 149t, 187 Tangible resources, 160 Teknologi sistem transfer gen, 48 Teknologi ekstraksi inti, 48 Teknologi oligonukleotida antisense, 48 Temnopleurus , 134 Temnopleuridae, 149t Teripang, 5 Test, 117 Thalassia hemprichii, 106t, 107, 108 The Sea Partnership Program, 198 The Shellfish Culture, 158 Theodore Boveri, 48 Thomas Ebert, 103i
Tim Hunt, 49 Tihe, 3 Toksin, 51 Toxopneustes pileolus, 30, 187 Toxopneustidae, 149t Transposable, 67 Tridentat, 121 Tridentate, 121 Trifilus, 121 Tripneustes gratilla, 3t, 9, 30 Tripneustes ventricosus, 31 Triphyllous, 121 Triptofan, 64 tRNA, 64t Tsubu Uni, 146 Tuberkel, 119 Tubercle, 119

U Ulva lactuca, 107 Ulva sp., 106t Uni, 2, 145, 150, 151 Uni sushi, 148g Uniform distribution, 91 Upwelling, 89 Uritech, 145

V V. anguillarum, 111, 157 Vernacular name 2 Venom, 51 Venomous sea urchin, 51 Vibrio anguillarum, 109 Virtual population analysis, 143 Vitamin, 41 VPA, 143

W Waktu pemijahan, 100 Wasteful hand cracking, 148, 148i Water vascular system, 125 White sea urchin, 24

Y Yaki Uni, 145

Z Zeeappels 2, Zee-egels 2, ZEEI, 186 Zigot, 100 Zona pellucida, 99i Zona, 78 Zonasi, 78 Zona afotik, 79i Zona fotik, 79i Zona hadal pelagik, 79i Zona intertidal, 80, 81t Zona lamun, 80 Zona mesopelagik, 79i Zona oseanik, 79i Zona pelagik, 80 Zona pertumbuhan alga, 80 Zona subtidal, 80 Zooplanton, 101 Zootoksin, 51 Zostera, 106t


 
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Collaborators

  • Smithsonian
  • UNIPA
  • UB
  • IBRC

Fundings:

  • USAID